GOEDUHUB  Online Courses || Last Batch Student's Projects || COVID-19 Projects(AI-ML) || Universities  ||  Placement Preparation  
+91-7976731765 Free Online Tutorials ||  MACHINE LEARNING || Python || DBMS || OOPs || DSA || Java || Linux/Unix ||  C Programming
0 like 0 dislike
19 views
in Tutorial & Interview questions by Goeduhub's Expert (8k points)

1 Answer

0 like 0 dislike
by Goeduhub's Expert (8k points)
 
Best answer

Common Options -

-c --create Create a new archive.

-x --extract Extract files from an archive.

-t --list List the contents of an archive.

-f --file=ARCHIVE Use archive file or dir ARCHIVE.

-v --verbose Verbosely list files processed.

Compression Options -

-a --auto-compress Use archive suffix to determine the compression program.

-j --bzip2 Filter the archive through bzip2.

-J --xz --lzma Filter the archive through xz.

-z --gzip Filter the archive through gzip.

Compress a folder

This creates a simple archive of a folder :
tar -cf ./my-archive.tar ./my-folder/
Verbose output shows which files and directories are added to the archive, use the -v option:
tar -cvf ./my-archive.tar ./my-folder/
For archiving a folder compressed 'gzip', you have to use the -z option :
tar -czf ./my-archive.tar.gz ./my-folder/
You can instead compress the archive with 'bzip2', by using the -j option:
tar -cjf ./my-archive.tar.bz2 ./my-folder/
Or compress with 'xz', by using the -J option:
tar -cJf ./my-archive.tar.xz ./my-folder/

Extract a folder from an archive 

There is an example for extract a folder from an archive in the current location :
tar -xf archive-name.tar
If you want to extract a folder from an archive to a specfic destination :
tar -xf archive-name.tar -C ./directory/destination

List contents of an archive 

List the contents of an archive file without extracting it:
tar -tf archive.tar.gz
Folder-In-Archive/
Folder-In-Archive/file1
Folder-In-Archive/Another-Folder/
Folder-In-Archive/Another-Folder/file2

List archive content 

There is an example of listing content :
tar -tvf archive.tar
The option -t is used for the listing. For listing the content of a tar.gz archive, you have to use the -z option anymore :
tar -tzvf archive.tar.gz

Compress and exclude one or multiple folder 

If you want to extract a folder, but you want to exclude one or several folders during the extraction, you can use the
--exclude option.
tar -cf archive.tar ./my-folder/ --exclude="my-folder/sub1" --exclude="my-folder/sub3"
With this folder tree :
my-folder/
   sub1/
   sub2/
   sub3/
The result will be :
./archive.tar
   my-folder/
     sub2/

Strip leading components 

To strip any number of leading components, use the --strip-components option:
--strip-components=NUMBER
strip NUMBER leading components from file names on extraction
For example to strip the leading folder, use:
tar -xf --strip-components=1 archive-name.tar

 

Related questions

0 like 0 dislike
1 answer 38 views
0 like 0 dislike
1 answer 15 views
0 like 0 dislike
1 answer 22 views
asked Nov 2, 2019 in Tutorial & Interview questions by Goeduhub Goeduhub's Expert (8k points)
0 like 0 dislike
1 answer 14 views
asked Nov 2, 2019 in Tutorial & Interview questions by Goeduhub Goeduhub's Expert (8k points)
0 like 0 dislike
1 answer 23 views
 Placements:   List of companies | Logical Reasoning Questions | Quantitative Aptitude Questions | General English Questions | Technical-MCQ and Interview Questions
 Important Lists: List of NITsList of IITsList of Exams After Graduation | List of Engineering Entrance Examinations (UG/PG)College ReviewsCollege Fest, Events & WorkshopsKnowledge ShareTrainees/Interns After 15-04-2020
Exams & Cutoffs: JEE Main | JEE Advanced | GATE | IES | ISROList of PSUs || Cutoff-GATECutoff_IIT-JEECS-ScopeECE ScopeEE-Scope
 Download Previous Year Papers For:  GATE | IES | RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (RTU-Kota)RPSC Technical Exams | ISRO
 Goeduhub
About Us | Contact Us   Social::   |  | 
...